Categories: Dances of India

Dr. Maha Gingrich


By Dr. Maha Gingrich


When we think of Rajasthan, we think of beautiful palaces shown in movies like Prem Ratan Dhan Payo. We also see the elaborate royal clothing and jewelry. As a dancer when I think of Rajasthan, I think of the pirouettes, swirls, acrobatic movements, and incredible costumes with vibrant colors, the intricate folk jewelry, timeless and diverse dances.

Rajasthani dances require not only grace, but also elegance, flexibility, acrobatic moves, and dynamic music filled with toe-tapping tempo. A few years ago, when we did the Ghoomar dance during Dances of India production, people were spellbound.

Ghoomar, meaning going in circles, was originally restricted to be performed only by Rajput women (the royal families). Here the ladies dance with elegant hand movements wearing colorful lahangas or large skirts. As they go in circles the skirts flare beautifully giving you a spectacular dimension.

The Indian movie Padmaavat has an amazing and spectacular representation of the Ghoomar dance. It is very rare to see such beautiful and pure dance styles in Bollywood.

Then there is a dance of chivalry called Geendad. This is an exclusively male dance requiring years of experience as they carry swords or sticks and jump and exchange positions in a circle. These are real swords making it a dangerous dance form like the martial arts of Kerala.

This same kind of precision is needed as they also do fire dances where they eat fire and jump through the fire rings. Yes! Like in the Renaissance festival.

The other exclusively male dance is the Gair. It was originally performed only by men but has now developed into an inclusive dance form. However, usually men and women dance in separate circles. Men wear long, pleated tunics that open out into full-length skirts. Here when they are dancing it seems as if they are depicting a scene from war front. It is believed by the locals that this dance must have got some significance to war.

This form of dance is also seen in Africa and Central Asia.

The sticks used in the dance are called Khanda. These sticks are very attractive and catch every eye. The sticks play vital role in the dance. They are very thin and don’t carry much weight and give a flare look. These sticks are cut from the gundi tree and involve little cleaning process. In some places instead of sticks, swords are used, making it very difficult for the dancers and challenging them on precision.

Rajasthan also is known for religious dance forms. We have many pictures of beautifully dressed snake charmers with turbans.

The Kalbelia community or snake charmers of Rajasthan do a beautiful snake dance to the tunes of the Been instrument. During this dance, they worship the Snake God and imitate the snake with difficult back bends and hand movements.

The Terah Taali dance is a ritual dance performed as an ode to Baba Ramdev with 13 cymbals called Manjeera tied to their bodies creating music with great speed making it look easy. To make it more complicated they also hold a sword between their teeth and place pots with lit lamps on their heads. How can you not be focused when you do a complicated dance such as this? That focus itself is a ritual and a trance, as I call it “A prayer in motion”.

The Bhavia is a dance that was influenced by the neighboring state of Gujrat. This dance is incomprehensible as I watch with horror. The dancer balances nine brass pots on his or her head. Then they stand on a sharp sword or glass and continue their dancing with graceful hand movements and speed.

The dance touches the hearts of all ages is the Kathputli (the Puppet) dance. Years ago, Bollywood movie Chori Chori with Nargis and Raj Kapoor brought attention to this dance form, then again it was shown in the recent film Prem Ratan Dhan Payo.

These puppet shows tell the folk stories, stories from epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata and other literatures. Due to the intricacies of making these puppets, these dances have not been spreading beyond its origin.

These handmade puppets are very rare to come by. You may find small representations for decorations. I hope this beautiful dance form does not disappear.

The energy and beauty of all the dances performed in Rajasthan is a divine gift. This state is truly embodied in its various dance forms its spirit and creativity.

Art has always been an integral part of Rajasthani culture and its people. All over India and abroad the legacy of Rajasthani dance forms continues to flourish making them timeless.

For questions or comments, contact Dr. Maha Gingrich via email at